A South African woman was yesterday sentenced to two years in jail for a racist rant. Racism is seldom as crude as this, although it is worse. What interested me in particular was that her sentence was explicitly deterrent. One headline announced: "Momberg's jail sentence will send a signal ..." OBSERVATION: There are various rationales in sentencing: deterrent, rehabilitative, educational, incapacitative, retributive, and so on. Yet there is great confusion in our time as to which applies or why. I consider this in my metaphysic (working title, 'Everything, Briefly'). As a matter of interest, one considers the same rationales in governing a Church.