OBSERVATION: There seems to be a large difference between this my wife's father's clan, and my wife's mother's clan, who I have known for some years now. Her mother's clan is more patriarchal, more clan-conscious, more traditional, with a simpler way of life. It is closer to Xhosa roots -- in fact, it is Xhosa roots. Her father's clan is one or more generations removed from Xhosa forebears. It is this clan which is descended from the great King Mpondo.