What makes an urban Church thrive? I wrote an article on it once. Near the top of my list was "Scripture neat". I have developed a strong emphasis on letting the Bible speak for itself -- to present central biblical themes and accounts as far as possible without dilution or rationalisation. OBSERVATION: The African city is frequently a place of trauma, turmoil, and degradation. It is frequently a place where talk about human solutions, through human agency, seems vain. People have little interest in what appears to them to be rationalisations or platitudes or pleasant stories. They need power and encouragement from on High. I believe that this has been very important in my ministries, above all in urban ministry.